In the early morning of June 27, 1920, Rock Island Railroad Special Agent Charles F. Artz arrested four men on vagrancy charges near the Rock Island tracks in North Wichita. As Agent Artz escorted the men out of railroad yards to meet a city patrolman who was to take custody of the suspects, three men, not associated with the vagrants, accosted Agent Artz and shot him once in the head. Agent Artz died at the scene.